Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence. If you do place a note in the middle of a sentence, for example at the end of a quotation, the number should always come before a dash. Notes should always end with a full stop.
What paraphrase examples?
Sometimes you only need to paraphrase the information from one sentence. Here are some examples of paraphrasing individual sentences: Original: Her life spanned years of incredible change for women as they gained more rights than ever before. Paraphrase: She lived through the exciting era of women’s liberation.
Does a footnote come before or after a colon?
They should be placed after, not before, a word or paragraph that is explained or amplified. Reference to the footnote citing the source of an excerpt should stand at the end of the excerpt, not in the text that precedes it. Thus placed, the reference does not distract the attention of the reader as it would elsewhere.
Can you put a footnote in the middle of a sentence MLA?
Footnote format You can also use a footnote in the middle of the sentence by placing the number directly after a punctuation mark. If you use a footnote in a sentence that has a dash, make sure the footnote number is placed before the dash. Footnotes should be numbered sequentially throughout the paper.
Where do you put footnotes?
Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence. When citing the source for a quotation, the number should be placed at the end of the quotation and not after the author’s name if that appears first in the text.
Do you use footnotes in APA?
APA does not recommend the use of footnotes and endnotes because they are often expensive for publishers to reproduce. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses.
Can I paraphrase a citation?
When paraphrasing, you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information, APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended (but not required) that you include the page number.
Can you put a footnote in the middle of a sentence Chicago?
The footnote number should be placed at the end of the sentence or the end of a clause in a sentence.
Do you have to put a footnote after every sentence?
Q. When doing footnotes, do you put a footnote after every sentence, even if two or more consecutive sentences are from the same source and same page? Footnotes should be placed where you need them, not according to a rule. Whenever you can imagine the reader asking “Says who?” you should add a note.
Should I cite every sentence?
Each instance of quoted or paraphrased information within a paragraph needs a citation. In order to make it clear that quoted or paraphrased information is not your own work, cite every quotation and every new instance of paraphrased information in your paragraphs.
What are the two types of footnotes?
There are two types of footnotes used in APA format: content footnotes and copyright footnotes.
What is a footnote example?
Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.
How do you put a comma between footnotes in Word?
tip: To place two footnote references together, place a space or a comma between them—for example,references
. Otherwise, the second footnote won’t be created. If you place a comma between the footnote references, you should manually format the comma in superscript.
What is MLA citation example?
MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
How do you do footnotes correctly?
How do I Create a Footnote or Endnote? Using footnotes or endnotes involves placing a superscript number at the end of a sentence with information (paraphrase, quotation or data) that you wish to cite. The superscript numbers should generally be placed at the end of the sentence to which they refer.
Does punctuation go inside quotes?
Put commas and periods within quotation marks, except when a parenthetical reference follows. He said, “I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.” Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
Does a footnote go after a comma?
When a footnote must be placed at the end of a clause,
add the number after the comma. When a footnote must be placed at the end of a sentence, add the number after the period. Numbers denoting footnotes should always appear after punctuation, with the exception of one piece of punctuation
What do you write in footnotes?
Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Generally, you want to provide the author’s name, publication title, publication information, date of publication, and page number(s) if it is the first time the source is being used.
How do you put footnotes after a sentence?
Insert footnotes and endnotes Click where you want to reference to the footnote or endnote. On the References tab, select Insert Footnote or Insert Endnote. Enter what you want in the footnote or endnote. Return to your place in the document by double-clicking the number or symbol at the beginning of the note.
Can you put two footnotes together?
Do not place multiple footnotes at the same point in your text (e.g.
). If you need to cite multiple sources in one sentence, you can combine the citations into one footnote, separated by semicolons: 1.
What is the difference between footnote and endnote?
The one difference between footnotes and endnotes is that footnotes appear at the bottom of the same page, while endnotes appear at the end of the paper. Footnotes and endnotes are used in printed documents to explain, comment on, or provide references for text in a document.