Personal experiences and knowledge generally do not need to be cited in an APA references page or within the body (in-text citation) of your paper. If you use personal knowledge that is unusual or to make a statement that someone might question, however, you will want to find research to back your knowledge up.
What should you not cite?
When NOT to Cite Common knowledge (2,3). Common knowledge includes facts that are found in many sources. Generally accepted or observable facts (2,4). When a fact is generally accepted or easily observable, you do not need a citation. Original ideas and lived experiences (4).
Do we need to cite paraphrasing?
When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing. While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations. Be sure to change both the words and word order of the original source in order to avoid plagiarism.
Can I paraphrase a citation?
When paraphrasing, you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information, APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended (but not required) that you include the page number.
Do I have to cite something I learned?
Common knowledge does not need to be cited. Common knowledge includes facts that are known by a lot of people and can be found in many sources. For example, you do not need to cite the following: Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States.
How do you cite yourself as a source?
Citing Your Own Work According to the MLA Style site authors should cite their work the same way they would cite any other source (book, article, etc.). In the text you can refer to yourself (e.g. “In my work”).
Do you need to cite your own ideas?
If you are putting thoughts and words into your paper that are both original to you and are not things you’ve written before, then there is generally no need to cite them in your work. As such, anything that is not cited in your work is presumed to be yours.
What is an example of common knowledge?
In broader terms, common knowledge is used to refer to information that a reader would accept as valid, such as information that many users may know. As an example, this type of information may include the temperature in which water freezes or boils.
How do you cite paraphrased information?
In order to make it clear that quoted or paraphrased information is not your own work, cite every quotation and every new instance of paraphrased information in your paragraphs. Each citation to a quotation should include a parenthetical page number, as well as the author of the quoted text and year of publication.
Can you plagiarize your own thoughts?
Plagiarism generally involves using other people’s words or ideas without proper citation, but you can also plagiarize yourself. Self-plagiarism means reusing work that you have already published or submitted for a class.
What are five things that must be cited or documented?
What are 5 things that must be cited or documented? Quotations, opinions, and predictions, whether directly quoted or paraphrased. Statistics derived by the original author. Visuals in the original. Another author’s theories. Case studies. Another author’s direct experimental methods or results.
Do you have to cite information in your own words?
Instead, you need to completely rephrase the author’s ideas in your own words. You do not need to use quotation marks. Always use in-text citations when you paraphrase or summarize, to let the reader know that the information comes from another source.
Do you have to cite your own pictures?
Own/Personal image If the image is your own (e.g. your own photo), you just need a caption. No in text citation or reference is required.
How do you cite your own knowledge?
Personal experiences and knowledge generally do not need to be cited in an APA references page or within the body (in-text citation) of your paper. Personal experience and knowledge is part of your voice; it is what you bring to your paper.
What are 3 ways to keep track of your sources?
Track Useful Sources as You Find Them Send an article’s citation information to your account with a citation management tool like EndNote. Download and save or print articles as you find them. Most databases have ways to send a list of articles to your email. Write down information about your sources as you find them.
Can you cite your own experience?
Unfortunately, personal experience is not something you can cite in an academic paper. First, let’s think about this question in terms of the purpose of the reference list, which is retrievability of the source for the reader. With personal experience, there is nothing for the reader to retrieve—ergo, no citation.
How do you cite in a paper?
Basic Citation Elements Author(s) Title(s) Source or venue name (e.g. name of the journal it was published or conference where it was presented) Editor(s) Volume and edition. Date or year of publication. Page numbers. City and country.
Do you have to cite personal knowledge?
If what you are incorporating into your writing is simply common knowledge, you will not need to cite the source of this information. However, if the information you are incorporating into your writing is more complex or “insider” knowledge, then you will need to cite current, credible sources that prove your position.
What are five things that do not need to be cited?
There are certain things that do not need documentation or credit, including: Writing your own lived experiences, your own observations and insights, your own thoughts, and your own conclusions about a subject. When you are writing up your own results obtained through lab or field experiments.
What happens if you don’t cite your sources?
If you do not cite your source correctly, it is plagiarism. When you plagiarize, you are not giving credit to those whose research paved the way for your own. You also do a disservice to your readers, who are not able to consult your sources for more information.
How do you reference your work?
Your work should be both referenced in the text and include a reference list or bibliography at the end. The in text reference is an abbreviated version of the full reference in your reference list.