Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence. When citing the source for a quotation, the number should be placed at the end of the quotation and not after the author’s name if that appears first in the text.
How do you use footnotes correctly?
Style Guides When a footnote must be placed at the end of a clause, 1 add the number after the comma. When a footnote must be placed at the end of a sentence, add the number after the period. Numbers denoting footnotes should always appear after punctuation, with the exception of one piece of punctuation 3 —the dash.
What is a direct quote example?
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example, Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”Feb 11, 2020.
Which of the following is the correct way to cite a direct quote?
APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
How do you reference a person?
Write either the person’s first initial followed by his last name, or the person’s title, followed by his last name if his first initial is not available. You can use two different methods to cite personal communication. For example, you could write, “Video games improve reaction time (J.
How do you cite a quote from a person in APA?
How do you cite a quote from a person in APA? Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Do you put a period after a quote that ends in a question mark?
Rule: The question mark (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no period.
How many footnotes should I have per page?
A lot of people do add 7–8 footnotes, which might be good if they are extremely relevant. However, even so, 2–3 footnotes, which is the average, are more than enough per page.
What goes in footnotes?
[The information given in a footnote includes the author, the title, the place of publication, the publisher, the date of publication and the page or pages on which the quotation or information is found.].
What are the two types of footnotes?
There are two types of footnotes used in APA format: content footnotes and copyright footnotes.
What is footnote in MS Word?
A footnote is a note that appears at the bottom of a page that is commonly used by writers to cite other authors publication in their document.
Do periods always go inside quotes?
Additional Punctuation Rules When Using Quotation Marks Put commas and periods within quotation marks, except when a parenthetical reference follows. Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
Where do Footnotes go when citing?
Footnotes are listed at the bottom of the page on which a citation is made. A numeral is placed in the text to indicate the cited work and again at the bottom of the page in front of the footnote. A footnote lists the author, title and details of publication, in that order.
Does the period go outside the parentheses?
1. When part of a sentence falls inside parentheses and part falls outside, the period goes outside. Correct: Students completed several psychology courses (social, personality, and clinical).
Can you use the same footnote twice?
When you are referencing the same source in two (or more) footnotes the second and subsequent references should be entered as “Ibid.” and the page number for the relevant footnote. Use “Ibid.” without any page number if the page is the same as the previous reference. Example footnotes: 1.
Do you reference before or after the quote?
Citation follows the quotation marks; period follows the citation.
Where do you put the period after a quote?
Quotation marks and other punctuation marks In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.
How do you reference Harvard style?
References author(s) name and initials. title of the article (between single quotation marks) title of the journal (in italics) available publication information (volume number, issue number) accessed day month year (the date you last viewed the article) URL or Internet address (between pointed brackets).
What is the main purpose of a footnote?
Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.
What is the difference between footnote and endnote?
The one difference between footnotes and endnotes is that footnotes appear at the bottom of the same page, while endnotes appear at the end of the paper. Footnotes and endnotes are used in printed documents to explain, comment on, or provide references for text in a document.
Is a footnote the same as a bibliography?
Footnotes or endnotes are how you give credit to a source in the text itself. Footnotes/endnotes are formatted differently than bibliography citations. If do not include a bibliography, the footnotes/endnotes in your paper must be full citations.
How do you credit a quote?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you reference a quote from an interview?
Interviews (television) Reference: Last name, Initials of person interviewed. (Year of interview) ‘Title of the interview (if any)’. Interview by/with Interviewer’s First name Last name, Title of publication, Day Month of Publication, page numbers if present. Example: Kenny, E.
How do you properly cite a quote?
To cite a direct quote in APA, you must include the author’s last name, the year, and a page number, all separated by commas. If the quote appears on a single page, use “p.”; if it spans a page range, use “pp.” An APA in-text citation can be parenthetical or narrative.
How do you read footnotes?
Jump to a footnote or endnote After opening a document that has footnotes or endnotes, place the cursor on a footnote or an endnote reference. To move to the footnote reference text at the end of the page, press the SR key+Insert. To read the footnote or endnote, press the SR key+R.