Lessons on How to Lie with Statistics View Correlations with Skepticism. Relationships Don’t Last Forever. Always Look at the Axes on a Chart. Small Samples Produce Shocking Statistics. Look at all the Numbers that Describe a Dataset. Check which Average is Used. Use Comparisons to a Common Baseline.
Table of Contents
What are 3 ways people can lie with statistics?
3 Ways to Lie with Statistics Does a Statistical Finding Matter? 3 Ways to Lie with Statistics. Amplifying the Importance of Statistical Significance. Capitalizing on Type-I Error. Failing to Report on Effect Size Information. Bottom Line.
How can you prevent the misuse of statistics?
How to prevent data misuse Implement identity and access management. Establish need-to-know access. Set up behavior alerts and analytics. Educate your teams. Build clear processes around data access.
How do you lie perfectly?
Here are eight ways to make your lies more believable. DO: Maintain your baseline. Stay calm. DON’T: Swallow hard. Swallowing hard is a giveaway. DO: Breathe normally. Inhale, exhale. DON’T: Touch your skin. DO: Lean in. DON’T: Shorten the syntax of words. DO: Try not to sweat. DON’T: Say “I don’t lie”.
How do you lie with statistics genre?
Specifications Number of Pages: 144. Genre: Mathematics. Sub-Genre: Probability & Statistics. Format: Paperback. Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company. Age Range: Adult. Book theme: General. Author: Darrell Huff.
How graphs can be misleading?
The “classic” types of misleading graphs include cases where: The Vertical scale is too big or too small, or skips numbers, or doesn’t start at zero. The graph isn’t labeled properly. Data is left out.
How do you lie with statistics summary?
Darrell Huff’s book is about the long history of data deception. He explains the many ways data can be manipulated — to misrepresent facts, to tell a different story — in advertising, politics, and other areas and how to defend yourself from it.
What is the main reason to use statistics in a speech?
Using statistics in public speaking is a powerful way to add a quantifiable and persuasive aspect to your message. It provides a basis on which you can build an argument, prove a statement, or support an idea.
What is an example of using statistics to mislead?
In 2007, toothpaste company Colgate ran an ad stating that 80% of dentists recommend their product. Based on the promotion, many shoppers assumed Colgate was the best choice for their dental health. But this wasn’t necessarily true. In reality, this is a famous example of misleading statistics.
Can you manipulate statistics?
That is, a misuse of statistics occurs when a statistical argument asserts a falsehood. In some cases, the misuse may be accidental. In others, it is purposeful and for the gain of the perpetrator. When the statistical reason involved is false or misapplied, this constitutes a statistical fallacy.
How often are statistics wrong?
By gboustead on August 5, 2010. Numbers don’t lie, but they tell a lot of half-truths. We have been raised to think that numbers represent absolute fact, that in a math class there is one and only one correct answer.
Is it possible to lie with statistics explain?
Yes, using statistics to lie is easy – as you will soon see. And, statistics are a valid and useful tool. They allow us to describe and find out about the way we live in every sense. And, yes, statistics can be used to manipulate, obfuscate, sensationalize, and confuse.
Why do statistics lie?
By their very nature, statistics can only be misused when the audience doesn’t bother checking them. Statistics are just a numerical summary of evidence that has been collected. It is by not presenting all of the information and selectively choosing definitions that statistics can appear to lie.
How can you make sure your statistics are accurate?
The smaller the sample size, the larger the error margins should be. It’s also important to look at error margins for comparable research to see if the error margins for the statistics in question are relatively small or large. This is a helpful indicator of how accurate statistics are.
How it is easy to be mislead by statistics?
The data can be misleading due to the sampling method used to obtain data. For instance, the size and the type of sample used in any statistics play a significant role — many polls and questionnaires target certain audiences that provide specific answers, resulting in small and biased sample sizes.
How can I make my stats look good?
Use icons to illustrate and emphasize key statistics in your infographic. Divide your statistical infographic into sections using colored blocks. Create a pictogram to visualize your statistic. Use a variety of chart types to give your statistical infographic variety.
How can statistics be unethically manipulated?
Unethical behavior might arise at any point – from data collection to data interpretation. For example, data collection can be made inherently biased by posing the wrong questions that stimulate strong emotions rather than objective realities.
How do you lie with statistics with no pages?
Enhance your purchase Print length. 144 pages. W. W. Norton & Company. 7 December 1993. 13.97 x 1.27 x 21.08 cm. ISBN-10. 0393310728. ISBN-13. 978-0393310726.
How do you lie with data?
One of the easiest ways to misrepresent your data is by messing with the y-axis of a bar graph, line graph, or scatter plot. In most cases, the y-axis ranges from 0 to a maximum value that encompasses the range of the data. However, sometimes we change the range to better highlight the differences.
Can numbers really lie?
Numbers can lie to you. Numbers lie not when they are clearly wrong (that is obvious), but when they are subtly incorrect and it is hard to know they are wrong. You can use good judgement and make the right decision based on bad data, which in the end will be a bad decision.
How do you lie about statistics book review?
It’s also a quick and fun read that is timeless. There’s some charm in the details and examples given that it’s a 60+ year old book and science, math, politics (and everything else) is different. But the core concepts really are timeless. I highly recommend this book.
How do you lie with statistics chapters?
Always go to the source material! Chapter 1: The Sample with Built-in Bias. Chapter 2: The Well-Chosen Average. Chapter 3: The Little Figures That Are Not There. Chapter 4: Much Ado about Practically Nothing. Chapter 5: The Gee-Whiz Graph. Chapter 7: The Semiattached Figure. Chapter 8: Post Hoc Rides Again.
What is statistical deception?
This term means that if your statistical model’s foundational concepts are deficient, any subsequent statistical calculations are spurious. Computer science has a simpler term for this: garbage in, garbage out.