5 Theories of Child Development Erikson’s Psychosocial Developmental Theory. Bowlby’s Attachment Theory. Freud’s Psychosexual Developmental Theory. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory. Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory.
Table of Contents
What is life span perspective?
Within the context of work, a life-span perspective holds that patterns of change and transition occur throughout the working life. As a result, the scope of productive aging includes all age groups of workers and is not limited to “older workers,” however that group may be defined.
What is Erikson’s theory?
Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues.
What are the three main theories of development?
scholars propounded theories concerning development, how it is achieved and how it is impeded. These theories are the Modernization theory, the Dependency theory and the Feminist theory.
How many human development theories are there?
This chapter will briefly describe the seven major theoretical perspectives or theories on human development: Maturationist Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory, Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, Behaviorism Theory, Biopsychosocial Theory, Cognitive Development Theory, and Ecological System Theory.
What are the major theories of development?
Major Child Development Theories and Theorists Freud’s psychosexual stage theory. Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory. Kohlberg’s moral understanding stage theory. Piaget’s cognitive development stage theory. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory.
What are the six principles of the life span developmental approach?
There are six key components to the life span perspective, including lifelong development, multidimensionality, multidirectionality, plasticity, multidisciplinary, and contextuality.
What are the three theories of development?
Roughly speaking, these theories can be categorized as emotional, cognitive and moral. Erik Erikson developed the most common theories of emotional development.
What are the developmental stages?
There are three broad stages of development: early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence.
What are the 6 developmental theories?
FREUD’S PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORIES, ERIKSON’S PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORIES, LEARNING THEORIES, PIAGET’S THEORY OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, KARL JUNG, MASLOW.
What are the 4 theories of development?
Four Main Theories of Development: Modernization, Dependency, World-Systems, and Globalization.
What are the four major developmental areas of child development?
Children grow and develop rapidly in their first five years across the four main areas of development. These areas are motor (physical), language and communication, cognitive and social/emotional. Cognitive development means how children think, explore and figure things out.
What are the 8 theories of globalization?
All theories of globalization have been put hereunder in eight categories: liberalism, political realism, Marxism, constructivism, postmodernism, feminism , Trans-formationalism and eclecticism. Each one of them carries several variations.
What is the most important developmental theory?
Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory Cognitive theory is concerned with the development of a person’s thought processes. It also looks at how these thought processes influence how we understand and interact with the world. Theorist Jean Piaget proposed one of the most influential theories of cognitive development.
What are the six areas of development?
The six areas of learning Personal, Social and Emotional Development. Communication, Language and Literacy. Mathematical Development. Knowledge and Understanding of the World. Physical Development. Creative Development.
What are the 5 major principles of human development from a life span perspective?
Baltes’ lifespan perspective emphasizes that development is lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, contextual, and multidisciplinary.
What are the 7 stages of development?
There are seven stages a human moves through during his or her life span. These stages include infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and old age.
What are the 4 major principles of human development?
The four principles of human development are: social, cognitive, emotional, and physical.
What are the six major psychological theories?
The six Grand Theories in Psychology are: Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Ecological, Humanism, and Evolutionary.
What is Sigmund Freud’s theory of child development?
Freud proposed that personality development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages. During each stage sexual energy (libido) is expressed in different ways and through different parts of the body.
What are the 5 characteristics of development?
These are: It is a continuous process. It follows a particular pattern like infancy, childhood, adolescence, maturity. Most traits are correlated in development. It is the result of interaction of individual and environment. It is predictable. It is both quantitative and qualitative.
What are the key concepts of Erikson theory?
This theory consists of eight stages of development: Trust versus mistrust; Autonomy versus shame and doubt; Initiative versus guilt; Industry versus inferiority; Identity versus identity confusion; Intimacy versus isolation; Generativity versus stagnation; Integerity versus despair.
What are the developmental theories?
Developmental theories present systematic ways of thinking about how human beings grow from babies to adolescents to adults to elderly people, and the various changes they undergo as they make this passage. Jean Piaget’s influential theories describe how people’s intellectual development evolves over time.
What are the 10 stages of human development?
Periods of Development Prenatal Development. Infancy and Toddlerhood. Early Childhood. Middle Childhood. Adolescence. Early Adulthood. Middle Adulthood. Late Adulthood.
What are the 12 stages of life?
Describes the 12 stages of life including: prebirth, birth, early childhood, middle childhood, late childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, midlife, mature adulthood, late adulthood, and death & dying.
What is Stage 2 of Piaget’s theory?
The preoperational stage is the second stage in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. This stage begins around age 2, as children start to talk, and lasts until approximately age 7.
What are the 5 basic principles of developmental psychology?
The principles are: 1. Development is Continuous 2. Development is Gradual 3. Development is Sequential 4. Rate of Development Varies Person to Person 5. Development Proceeds from General to Specific 6.
What are Piaget’s 4 stages of development?
Piaget’s four stages Stage Age Goal Sensorimotor Birth to 18–24 months old Object permanence Preoperational 2 to 7 years old Symbolic thought Concrete operational 7 to 11 years old Operational thought Formal operational Adolescence to adulthood Abstract concepts.
What is Skinner’s theory?
The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual’s response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. Reinforcement is the key element in Skinner’s S-R theory.
Is Erik Erikson’s theory still used today?
Erikson’s’ work is as relevant today as when he first outlined his original theory, in fact given the modern pressures on society, family and relationships – and the quest for personal development and fulfilment – his ideas are probably more relevant now than ever.