MM model assumes that there are no floatation costs and no time gaps are required in raising new equity capital. In the practical world, floatation costs must be incurred and legal formalities must be completed and then issues can be floated in the market.

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How do I calculate WACC?

WACC is calculated by multiplying the cost of each capital source (debt and equity) by its relevant weight by market value, and then adding the products together to determine the total.

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Which of the following is not an assumption of MM model?

Solution(By Examveda Team) All the firms pay tax on their income at the same rate is not an assumption in the Miller & Modigliani approach. The Modigliani and Miller Approach further states that the market value of a firm is affected by its operating income, apart from the risk involved in the investment.

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How do you calculate the value of a levered firm?

The value of a levered firm equals the market value of its debt plus the market value of its equity.

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What are the techniques of capital structure analysis?

Important ratios to analyze capital structure include the debt ratio, the debt-to-equity ratio, and the capitalization ratio. Ratings that credit agencies provide on companies help assess the quality of a company’s capital structure.

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What is the major assumption of pure MM theory?

The basic theorem states that in the absence of taxes, bankruptcy costs, agency costs, and asymmetric information, and in an efficient market, the enterprise value of a firm is unaffected by how that firm is financed.

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What is MM hypothesis?

The MM Hypothesis reveals that if more debt is included in the capital structure of a firm, the same will not increase its value as the benefits of cheaper debt capital are exactly set off by the corresponding increase in the cost of equity, although debt capital is less expensive than the equity capital.

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What is criticism of MM hypothesis?

M-M theory is also criticize for the reason that it ignores the corporate taxation and personal taxation. Retained earnings: It also ignores personal aspect of financing through retained earnings. In real world , corporate will not pay out the entire earnings in the form of dividends.

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Which is used in ratio analysis?

They include dividend yield, P/E ratio, earnings per share (EPS), and dividend payout ratio. Investors use these metrics to predict earnings and future performance.

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What is the essence of MM dividend model?

Modigliani – Miller theory is a major proponent of ‘Dividend Irrelevance’ notion. According to this concept, investors do not pay any importance to the dividend history of a company and thus, dividends are irrelevant in calculating the valuation of a company.

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Which of the following is not an assumption of MM Proposition 1?

Capital markets are perfect is not an assumption in Miller and Modigliani approach. The Modigliani-Miller theorem (M&M) states that the market value of a company is calculated using its earning power and the risk of its underlying assets and is independent of the way it finances investments or distributes dividends.

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Which of the following is an assumption of capital structure theories?

The capital structure theories use the following assumptions for simplicity: 1) The firm uses only two sources of funds: debt and equity. 2) The effects of taxes are ignored. 3) There is no change in investment decisions or in the firm’s total assets. 4) No income is retained.

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What is the operational justification of MM hypothesis?

Arbitrage process is the operational justification for the Modigliani-Miller hypothesis. Arbitrage is the process of purchasing a security in a market where the price is low and selling it in a market where the price is higher. This results in restoration of equilibrium in the market price of a security asset.

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Which of the following is an assumption of Modigliani and Miller model?

Solution(By Examveda Team) Capital markets are perfect, Investors are assumed to be rational and behave accordingly and there is no corporate or personal income tax are the assumptions underlying the Miller and Modigliani analysis.

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Why is MM Theorem important?

The Modigliani-Miller theorem states that a company’s capital structure is not a factor in its value. Market value is determined by the present value of future earnings, the theorem states. The theorem has been highly influential since it was introduced in the 1950s.

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What are the types of financial decisions?

There are three decisions that financial managers have to take: Investment Decision. Financing Decision and. Dividend Decision.

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What are the factors affecting capital structure?

According to Brigham and Houston (2011) in Sawitri and Lestari (2015) there are 12 factors that influence the determination of capital structure decisions namely, sales stability, asset structure, leverage operating, business risk, growth rates, profitability, taxes, controls, management attitudes, measures corporate Feb 1, 2021.

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What is irrelevance theory?

The irrelevance proposition theorem is a theory of corporate capital structure that posits financial leverage does not affect the value of a company if income tax and distress costs are not present in the business environment.

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What are the two types of financial decisions?

Types of Financial Decisions – That Every Company is Required to Take: Investment Decision, Financing Decision and Dividend Decision Investment Decision. Financing Decision. Dividend Decision.

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What are the assumptions of MM theory of capital structure?

Assumptions of Modigliani and Miller Approach There are no taxes. Transaction cost for buying and selling securities, as well as the bankruptcy cost, is nil. There is a symmetry of information.

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What are the principles of capital structure?

Main concern of this principle is to earn maximum Earnings per share with minimum cost of financing. Interest rates and tax rates controls cost of financing. Debt capital is cheaper.

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What is MM model?

What is MM model? The Modigliani-Miller theorem (M&M) states that the market value of a company is correctly calculated as the present value of its future earnings and its underlying assets, and is independent of its capital structure.

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What is capital structure example?

Therefore, capital structure is the way that a business finances its operations—the money used to buy inventory, pay rent, and other things that keep the business’s doors open. For example, the capital structure of a company might be 40% long-term debt (bonds), 10% preferred stock, and 50% common stock.

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Is also known as trading on equity?

Trading on equity is a financial process in which debt produces gain for shareholders of a company. Alternatively, trading on equity called financial leverage. If it helps the company to generate profit and results in a higher return for the shareholders on their investment, it is considered a success.

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Which field of study is closely related to finance?

Finance is a field closely related to accounting that deals with the allocation of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. Finance also applies and uses the theories of economics at some level. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management.