What Is The Procedure Of Fire Fighting

What is fire fighting procedures?

Fire safety procedures are a written set of plans describing the actions to be taken in the event of a fire emergency, and assigning responsibility for each action. Having effective fire safety procedures and proper employee training will reduce the injuries and damage caused by a fire.

What is pre fire planning?

Pre fire planning and inspection is the process of gathering and recording information that could be critical for firefighters making life-saving decisions at an incident. Property and lives can be saved when firefighters have access to this critical information about the building and its contents.

What are 3 types of fires?

Types of Fires Class A Fires. involve common combustibles such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber, trash and plastics. Class B Fires. involve flammable liquids, solvents, oil, gasoline, paints, lacquers and other oil-based products. Class C Fires. Class D Fires. Class K Fires.

What are the 3 main steps of fire?

The 3 things a fire needs are heat, fuel and oxygen. These three elements work together to help a fire start and take over. However, if any of the three elements are removed from a fire, then it will extinguish and no longer pose a threat.

What is the procedure to follow in case of a fire?

Immediately pull the nearest fire alarm pull station as you exit the building. When evacuating the building, be sure to feel doors for heat before opening them to be sure there is no fire danger on the other side. If there is smoke in the air, stay low to the ground, especially your head, to reduce inhalation exposure.

How does a fire start?

Fires start when a flammable or a combustible material, in combination with a sufficient quantity of an oxidizer such as oxygen gas or another oxygen-rich compound (though non-oxygen oxidizers exist), is exposed to a source of heat or ambient temperature above the flash point for the fuel/oxidizer mix, and is able to.

What is Republic Act No 9514?


What are the levels of fire?

Low Fire Danger – color code is green. • Fuels do not ignite readily from small firebrands, although a. Moderate Fire Danger – color code is blue. High Fire Danger – color code is yellow. Very High Fire Danger – color code is orange. Extreme Fire Danger – color code is red. For more information.

What do you do in case of fire BFP?

Keep your head low to avoid excessive smoke inhalation. Move in an orderly and calm pace. Panicking only makes your situation worse. Make your way to the nearest evacuation area or open space that is safe from fire, smoke or structural damage.

What are the 4 key stages of fire?

Compartment fire development can be described as being comprised of four stages: incipient, growth, fully developed and decay (see Figure 1).

What is CO2 fire extinguisher?

CO2 fire extinguishers contain pure carbon dioxide which is a clean extinguishant, leaving no residue. Suitable for class B flammable liquid fires (petrol, oil, solvents), and recommended for use on live electrical equipment.

What is the life cycle of fire?

There four stages of fire development: incipient, growth, fully developed and decay. Ignition is the beginning of the Incipient stage – Fuel air and heat come together. Establish burning – Likely to enter the growth stage.

What is fire control?

Fire control is the practice of reducing the heat output of a fire, reducing the area over which the fire exists, or suppressing or extinguishing the fire by depriving it of fuel, oxygen, or heat (see fire triangle).

How is oxygen removed from fire?

Removal of oxygen from the area around a fire can be achieved with a carbon dioxide extinguisher or a fire blanket. The carbon dioxide extinguisher pushes oxygen away from the fire and replaces it with carbon dioxide, which is inflammable and more dense than air.

What are the 10 phases of fire operation?

A welltrained fire fighter knows that there are many phases in a structural fire fighting operation, including rescue, exposure protection, attack, ventilation, confinement, extinguishment, salvage and overhaul.

What is fire Class C?

Class C fires involve energized electrical equipment. Extinguishers with a C rating are designed for use with fires involving energized electrical equipment.

What are the five stages of a fire?

To help minimise the risk to your building during a fire, check out our fire protection services. Incipient. An incipient fire is a flame that is still in its beginning stage. Growth. As we move through the phases of a fire, we come to the second stage – growth. Fully Developed. Decay. Prevention in Your Building.

What are fire indicators?

Building Factors, Smoke, Air Track, Heat, and Flame (B-SAHF) are critical fire behavior indicators. Understanding the indicators is important, but more important is the ability to integrate these factors in the process of reading the fire as part of size-up and dynamic risk assessment.

What is the hottest phase of fire?

Flames are visible and gaining ground. 3) Fully Developed (Transition): As more fuel becomes consumed, the fire moves into a fully developed state. This is the most dangerous phase of a fire, and the hottest. At the peak of combustion, once all the material has been ignited, the fire begins its downward spiral.

What is convection of fire?

It is the type of heat one feels when sitting in front of a fireplace or around a campfire. Convection is the transfer of heat by the physical movement of hot masses of air. As air is heated, it expands (as do all objects). As it expands, it becomes lighter then the surrounding air and it rises.

What process Burns?

Burning a fuel is called combustion, a chemical process that we study in middle or high school. Combustion is a chemical process in which a substance reacts rapidly with oxygen and gives off heat. The original substance is called the fuel, and the source of oxygen is called the oxidizer.